Sun-Reporter articles during these raids indicate that black ambivalence about communism and CP influence was less important than defending these largely black organizations. These sentiments offer an interesting complement to the literature on the struggle of the CP to maintain its influence in labor unions after the war. It has been suggested that this effort in general depended largely on the degree to which black workers stood by the communist leadership in these unions.
This suggestion certainly holds true for the however brief post-war survival of the MCS, a fact that even a staunch anticommunist like Max Kampelman—who generally attributes CP success in U. But I let white folks worry about Communism. Bryson has given us colored guys a fair shake. South—in the very creation of cohesive black communities on the West Coast—not only through employment but also through the development of friendships and solidarity.
This dramatic testimony from a black MCS member in Seattle who had migrated from the South sums up a lot:. The union has put bread in the mouths of my children. Big words, words they never had in those chicken coop schools. In the union I learned a trade.
What would I be down in that country—an ignorant cotton picker? Wherever the union sees wrong, it points it out. Do right. Do like we do. Treat your brother right. I had them. But I met real brothers here. I met big men who mean what they say. My white brothers, my black brothers, my brown brothers, all of them. We the children of the union, we all together. Without denying the ideological rigidity, opportunism, and deception of both Communist Party members and their opponents in American trade unions, the discipline, democracy and interracial solidarity seen in the MCS is a reminder of the best historical currents of the U.
These qualities were not enough to resist the forces of anti-communism and corporate-government collaboration that followed World War Two. When the MCS, along with ten other left-led unions, were expelled from a red-baited and increasingly collaborative CIO, it marked not only a recognition of the real danger of communist ideas to the profits of U.
New York, Free Press. Labor Gains on the Coast: A report on the integration of Negro workers into the maritime unions of the Pacific Coast states. Opportunity, 17 May, : In Foner , p. So I came down there with a couple of students I knew real well. I felt a little bad about it, but I needed the money. When you've been out of work a long time, you'll take anything where you aren't breaking any laws. A truck came up there all right, but it was the wrong truck. It was loaded with striking workers, and they had baseball bats, which they started swinging.
We jumped off that damn truck and took off running. I didn't try any more after that.
Refine your editions:
I saw it was wrong then. Fleming, Thomas. Reflections on Black History [in 86 parts]. Part Fleming recounts that two shipping lines, Matson and Dollar, did not hire black stewards at all before ; instead their stewards were mostly Asian. These histories of course deserve more attention. Fleming, Part Workers on the Waterfront: Seamen, Longshoremen, and Unionism in the s.
University of Illinois, Chicago. Organized Labor and the Black Worker: New York: Praeger. Brecher, The Cold War Against Labor. Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute, Berkeley.
Chicago: University of Illinois. Taft Bill Passes.
MCS Voice. June 26, p. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. May 22, The Unambiguity of Labor History. In Hall, Burton H. Autocracy and Insurgency in Organized Labor.
New Brunswick: Transaction books. But, instead of rejecting authoritarianism, he actively maintained it for the sake of organizational expansion and a new-found anticommunist crusade.
Marine Cooks and Stewards Union - FoundSF
Prickett in Hall Transcripts of oral interviews by Harvey Schwartz, March April Sutro Library Labor Archives. San Francisco, p Elected officials from both major parties sought to portray themselves as staunch anticommunists, and few people dared to criticize the questionable tactics used to persecute suspected radicals. Membership in leftist groups dropped as it became clear that such associations could lead to serious consequences, and dissenting voices from the left side of the political spectrum fell silent on a range of important issues.
In judicial affairs, for example, support for free speech and other civil liberties eroded significantly. This trend was symbolized by the U. Supreme Court ruling in Dennis v.
United States, which said that the free-speech rights of accused Communists could be restricted because their actions presented a clear and present danger to the government. Americans also felt the effects of the Red Scare on a personal level, and thousands of alleged communist sympathizers saw their lives disrupted.
They were hounded by law enforcement, alienated from friends and family and fired from their jobs. While a small number of the accused may have been aspiring revolutionaries, most others were the victims of false allegations or had done nothing more than exercise their democratic right to join a political party. Though the climate of fear and repression began to ease in the late s, the Red Scare has continued to influence political debate in the decades since and is often cited as an example of how unfounded fears can compromise civil liberties.
Start your free trial today. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. House of Representatives, investigated allegations of communist activity in the U.
Established in , the committee wielded its subpoena power as a Its economy was booming, and Already infamous for his aggressive interrogations of suspected Communists, Wisconsin Senator Joseph R. McCarthy earned more notoriety via these televised Congressional hearings. McCarthy had turned his investigations to army security, but the army in turn During the late s and early s, the prospect of communist subversion at home and abroad seemed frighteningly real to many people in the United States. For many Americans, the most enduring Vremenska prognoza Kursna lista A download left out reds and americas on the day and air of democracy years in resources with lower clean technology n-backs cyclic of dietary several capital '.
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